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Journal Article

Bayesian transfer learning between Student-t filters

Papež Milan, Quinn Anthony

: Signal Processing,

: GA18-15970S, GA ČR

: Bayesian transfer learning, Student-t filtering, Incomplete modelling, Fully probabilistic design, Variational Bayes, Robust transfer

: 10.1016/j.sigpro.2020.107624

: http://library.utia.cas.cz/separaty/2020/AS/papez-0532053.pdf

: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0165168420301675

(eng): The problem of sequentially transferring a data-predictive probability distribution from a source to a target Bayesian filter is addressed in this paper. In many practical settings, this transfer is incompletely modelled, since the stochastic dependence structure between the filters typically cannot be fully specified. We therefore adopt fully probabilistic design to select the optimal transfer mechanism. We relax the target observation model via a scale-mixing parameter, which proves vital in successfully transferring the first and second moments of the source data predictor. This sensitivity to the transferred second moment ensures that imprecise predictors are rejected, achieving robust transfer. Indeed, Student-t state and observation models are adopted for both learning processes, in order to handle outliers in all hidden and observed variables. A recursive outlier-robust Bayesian transfer learning algorithm is recovered via a local variational Bayes approximation. The outlier rejection and positive transfer properties of the resulting algorithm are clearly demonstrated in a simulated planar position-velocity system, as is the key property of imprecise knowledge rejection (robust transfer), unavailable in current Bayesian transfer algorithms. Performance comparison with particle filter variants demonstrates the successful convergence of our robust variational Bayes transfer learning algorithm in sequential processing.

: BB

: 10201